INDIAN ART AND ITS BEAUTY
Art, at its simplest, is a form of communication and means whatever it is intended to mean by the artist. Art’s meaning is shaped by the materials, techniques and forms it makes use of, Simultaneously the ideas and feelings, thoughts and observation it engenders in the viewers. Indian Art encompasses these feelings and experiences.
Indian Art has a different genre and styles of Art forms including plastic arts (e.g. pottery and sculpture), visual arts (e.g. paintings), and textile arts (e.g. woven silk). Indian Art finds itsusefulness not only as a visual document of Indian History but its aesthetic appreciation is quiet evident. The prominence of the cave paintings and murals as found in Bhimbetka petro glyph (Madhya Pradesh) dates back to the Stone Age. We find the Classical Indian Painting (up to 1150 century) of Ajanta, Tanjore, Bengal, the Mathura and Gandhara School of Arts. There had been development of Indian yakṣa prototypes. The PostClassical Indian Painting (14–16th century) includes Vijayanagar art, the Rajput Paintings, Jaunpur Paintings, Orissa Paintings. Indian paintings are patchworks of different styles.
The Madhubani painting of Mithila, Bihar depicts religious paintings from Ramayana and is of royal weddings and courts. The women paints them leaving no space, the gaps were painted with flowers, animals, birds and geometric designs.
The Rajput paintings of Pahari style were miniature paintings depicting Ramayana, Mahabharata, Krishna’s life with beautiful landscapes and nature. Women and men wear lots of jewelleries from head to ankles. Men wear colourful turbans.
The Mughal paintings which were of miniature styles have a unique blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles. The Mysor e paintings are known for elegance, muted colours and detailing. They depict scenes from Hindu mythology. The paintings were initially ‘gesso’ painted, then jewelleries were painted and covered with thin gold foil and lastly with water colours.
The Tanjore paintings of Tamilnadu are done on a base of a cloth pasted on wooden base. Drawings were done on the base smudged with zinc oxide powder. Decorations and jewelleries were done with semiprecious stones and laces and covered with gold foils and were coloured with dyes.
Orissa’s Pattachitr a depicts religious, mythological stories and folk lore. Vegetables and Mineral colours are used. The Bengal Ar t of the Palas was done in colours made from leaves, flowers and herbs on ‘Taadpatra’ (palm–leaves manuscripts) and wooden covers. This school initially had a spiritual fervour which later on was replaced by Contextual Modernism and then to Modern Indian paintings.
Indian Art has its intrinsic value with metaphysical, ritualistic and aesthetic dominance. Realism which is of the nature of imitation of an actual object is quite antipathetic to Imagination and finds no place in the ideal of Indian art. It portrays divine passion, the world of imagination and visualization. It expresses veneration and passion and inexpressiblsensual beauty. The beauty of Indian Art is impersonal, aloof, formalized and rhythmic. It is our duty to enrich and not destroy Art, for it is inheritance of all humanity.